An enterprise architecture approach to ESG


Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) concerns are a sizzling topic in boardrooms these times. 

It’s no surprise. Environment-altering reviews on the condition of weather adjust are shipped with alarming regularity. Range and social inclusion misalignment, together with lax environmental values, are accelerating ‘the great resignation’. And receiving the company’s reaction wrong to these challenges can have harmful results on a brand’s image and reputation. 

In lots of respects, addressing ESG problems is a no-brainer for organisations. There is a collective social will need for a extra eco-friendly and socially sustainable method to financial enhancement. Including to that by now essential target, there is a rising body of proof recognising the role performed by ESG values in driving employee benefit propositions, economical effectiveness, prosperity, sustainability and in attracting investment.1,2,3

Reworking an organisation to deliver on ESG targets, relatively than set-and-forget or ‘greenwashing’ them,* on the other hand, involves an efficient and successful method, not to mention strategic nous and the means to execute. A tried out and tested methodology that can assist execute ESG objectives and provide their execution straight to the CIO’s doorway is organization architecture.

Organization architecture for ESG

The phrase ‘enterprise architecture’ or ‘EA’ refers to a established of frameworks, methodologies and resources that can assistance an organisation map their organization tactic to their procedures, data belongings, ICT systems and technological innovation.4 Its worth lies in its ability to provide crucial organisational insights, ensuring coherence in between business objectives and the supporting business enterprise functions and engineering providers required to obtain them. 

By being familiar with the fundamental factors of a small business – their inter-relationships, worth-chains, alignment and abilities –  company architecture discovers and identifies misalignment involving ambitions, techniques and technique, and is a good beginning issue for utilizing business system through digital transformation.5

This suggests that enterprise architecture frameworks are perfectly placed to assist organisations in assessing their existing ESG situation, informing the prioritisation of digitally-enabled or evaluated ESG initiatives, and producing the tactical roadmap to attain an ESG vision.

Furthermore, tested and established EA methodologies and methods will assistance mitigate involved dangers that final result from methods that absence the maturity necessary to ensure alignment to organisational imperatives.

How to get commenced

Irrespective of whether you want to fulfill Greenhouse Fuel (GHG) emissions targets or make certain truthful trade sourcing in supply chains,  there will possible be required modifications to various aspects of your business enterprise processes, supporting info systems, folks and/or technological know-how. 

To be successful on this transformation journey, an business architecture strategy features an array of equipment. For illustration, heatmaps (charts that visualise which organization functions, software techniques, or know-how elements are connected with a certain performance evaluate) can assist in choosing priority places to deal with although value chain mapping can present perception into the ESG impression of choices relating to supply chains.  

To start off, get to truly know your present state by viewing your ESG goals via the a variety of EA levels, or lenses, and then use this insight to map out what you need to do to get to your ideal foreseeable future state.


  • Company – Whether or not it is organisational HR procedures, a advertising and marketing strategy or your procurement network, numerous organisational procedures and functions need to have to be assessed for their skill to fulfill ESG goals. Choose procurement for illustration, how do your suppliers’ ESG profiles healthy with your ESG ambitions? Do you want to redesign your offer chain?  Should really you assess your group and social influence when adopting a new company design?


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  • Information and facts devices – Will your details units assistance the higher than business enterprise system changes? A crucial component of attaining any ESG intention will be the knowledge that your small business is collecting and producing. Your methods and targets will dictate the information you want to evaluate and control, but at the identical time, the information you previously have (or do not have) can tell the objectives set in the to start with area. For instance, do you have details on your recycling techniques, the emissions currently being produced by your supply companions or the share of good-trade sourcing in your provide chains? Can you evaluate the environmental footprint of your transport fleet?  And do you have the techniques to seize and/or produce this information?


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  • Technologies – Your organisation’s computing electricity, storage and telecommunications need to have to be capable to aid the earlier mentioned facts systems and company abilities. Are the technologies now in position ample to operate the new methods you will have to have? Mapping your technology infrastructure will also aid directly detect precise ESG ICT plans these types of as transitioning to minimal carbon footprint facts centres, optimising the use of your infrastructure, or reimagining the possible information and laptop or computer processing tradeoffs that get you to your lower-emissions intention.


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EA frameworks permit organisations to go from eyesight to implementation throughout all organisational stages and spots, and then to circle back for continual refinements and enhancements. A business with experienced business architecture tactics will also be improved positioned to respond to the evolving ESG landscape.

From alignment to transformation

Normally, and specially when appeared at by a holistic business architecture approach, acquiring or reporting on specified ESG plans (or seizing on progressive new options that ESG provides about) will not be probable by means of isolated tech changes, but in fact, call for a a lot more holistic electronic transformation. (You could have already gone via this in your COVID-19 pandemic reaction, but did you variable ESG in when you did?)

An EA-supported ESG assessment will give an correct view of the expenses and added benefits of an organisation’s overall IT portfolio. Architecture lenses will then support to make the decisions necessary for ESG-connected digital financial investment and/or transformation.

For instance, the large vitality footprint of business IT methods is becoming an increasing concentration of ESG concern.6,7 As a consequence, organisations are emotion important force to move to ‘clean-IT,’ optimising the trade-off in between vitality usage and computational efficiency, and incorporating algorithmic and computational efficiencies in IT options and types. 

Meeting ESG long term states will probable require digitalisation and rising systems this sort of as IoT, digital twins, significant knowledge, and AI. Many apps are now available in the industry to support sustainability administration and ESG reporting, such as PwC’s ESG Pulse. There’s also escalating recognition inside of the company world of the significance of integrating ESG into business resource scheduling (ERP) programs as compliance and reporting necessities produce.8  

Preventing code purple

Organisations require to embrace ESG for their extensive-term prosperity. But to take edge of ESG possibilities and definitely make a variance (not to point out complying with potential reporting and regulation specifications)9 organisations require to embed ESG goals into their business, data and technological innovation. 

EA provides properly-recognized and established techniques/frameworks to empower strategic and aligned ESG transformations. The strategy can be instrumental to cascading an ESG vision all over the organisation, making certain it is strategically embedded.

With an evolving ESG landscape, organisations will have to be in a position to answer and adapt to altering needs with agility and assurance. A mature enterprise architecture approach can be the differentiating enabler to aggressive advantage – and to making certain your organisation assists attain a far more sustainable modern society.


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